Wild Life in India

The varied Indian ecosystem hosts and supports unique species. India has about 8 percent of the world’s biodiversity on 2 percent of earth’s surface, making it one of the 12 mega-diverse countries in the world. Of about 1.75 million species globally identified, around 1,26,188 species are indigenous to India. The species recorded include flowering plants (angiosperms), mammals, fish, birds, reptiles and amphibians, constituting about 17.3 percent of the total, whereas fungi and insects make up nearly 60 percent of India’s bio-wealth.

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Flowering Plants

Crocodiles There are three species of crocodiles found in India-The mugger crocodile, The estuarine crocodile and the gharial. In whichg is endemic to Indian Subcontinent and highly endangered. Best place to see them: National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary, Corbett National Park and Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary.

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Crocodiles

There are three species of crocodiles found in India-The mugger crocodile, The estuarine crocodile and the gharial. In whichg is endemic to Indian Subcontinent and highly endangered. Best place to see them: National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary, Corbett National Park and Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary.

Turtles and Tortoises

India’s turtle and tortoises diversity is reported as the richest in the world, there are many endemic as well as endangered species of fresh water turtles and tortoises are found in North-East, peninsular, Gangetic plain and Western Ghats of India, examples are: cane turtle, star tortoise and red crowned roof turtle etc. best place to see them: various protected areas of western Ghats and north-east India. There are seven species of Sea turtles found in India, These species include: the olive ridley, loggerhead, green, hawksbill, Kemp’s ridley, Australian flatback and leatherback turtle. Best place to see them: Various coastal protected areas

Snakes

Around 270 species of snakes are found in India and range from terrestrial, fresh water and sea snakes. The most interesting ones are king cobra, python, banded krait, kukri snake, Keel back, coral snake, wolf snake, shield tail etc. Best places to see them: rainforests of Western Ghats and North East India.

Lizards

There are many categories of lizards found in India these includes, monitor lizard, spiny tailed lizard, geckos, garden lizards and chameleon. Best Place to see them: Desert National Park, Sundarbans Tiger Reserve, Corbett Tiger Reserve, Silent Valley National Park etc.

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Fishes

Crocodiles There are three species of crocodiles found in India-The mugger crocodile, The estuarine crocodile and the gharial. In whichg is endemic to Indian Subcontinent and highly endangered. Best place to see them: National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary, Corbett National Park and Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary.

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Crocodiles

There are three species of crocodiles found in India-The mugger crocodile, The estuarine crocodile and the gharial. In whichg is endemic to Indian Subcontinent and highly endangered. Best place to see them: National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary, Corbett National Park and Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary.

Turtles and Tortoises

India’s turtle and tortoises diversity is reported as the richest in the world, there are many endemic as well as endangered species of fresh water turtles and tortoises are found in North-East, peninsular, Gangetic plain and Western Ghats of India, examples are: cane turtle, star tortoise and red crowned roof turtle etc. best place to see them: various protected areas of western Ghats and north-east India. There are seven species of Sea turtles found in India, These species include: the olive ridley, loggerhead, green, hawksbill, Kemp’s ridley, Australian flatback and leatherback turtle. Best place to see them: Various coastal protected areas

Snakes

Around 270 species of snakes are found in India and range from terrestrial, fresh water and sea snakes. The most interesting ones are king cobra, python, banded krait, kukri snake, Keel back, coral snake, wolf snake, shield tail etc. Best places to see them: rainforests of Western Ghats and North East India.

Lizards

There are many categories of lizards found in India these includes, monitor lizard, spiny tailed lizard, geckos, garden lizards and chameleon. Best Place to see them: Desert National Park, Sundarbans Tiger Reserve, Corbett Tiger Reserve, Silent Valley National Park etc.

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Amphibians

Frogs, Toads and Limbless Amphibians (Caecilian) India has the third largest amphibian population in Asia. The amphibian fauna of India comprises of 272 species of which 167 (66.3%) are endemic to the country. Many species of frogs and toads and limbless amphibians are recently discovered in many parts of India especially in North-east and Western Ghats. The interesting species are: Malabar flying frog, Indian bull frog, purple frog (endemic), mhadei caecilian (endemic).

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Frogs, Toads and Limbless Amphibians (Caecilian)

India has the third largest amphibian population in Asia. The amphibian fauna of India comprises of 272 species of which 167 (66.3%) are endemic to the country. Many species of frogs and toads and limbless amphibians are recently discovered in many parts of India especially in North-east and Western Ghats. The interesting species are: Malabar flying frog, Indian bull frog, purple frog (endemic), mhadei caecilian (endemic). Best Place to see them: Western Ghats, North East, Peninsular India and Terai arc landscape.

Newts

Himalayan Newt is the only species of Newt found in India, its range in India is Sikkim and Manipur hills of North-East India.

408 Reptiles | 408 Reptiles | Crocodiles, Turtles and Tortoises, Snakes, Lizards

Crocodiles There are three species of crocodiles found in India-The mugger crocodile, The estuarine crocodile and the gharial. In whichg is endemic to Indian Subcontinent and highly endangered. Best place to see them: National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary, Corbett National Park and Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary.

back to top

Crocodiles

There are three species of crocodiles found in India-The mugger crocodile, The estuarine crocodile and the gharial. In whichg is endemic to Indian Subcontinent and highly endangered. Best place to see them: National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary, Corbett National Park and Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary.

Turtles and Tortoises

India’s turtle and tortoises diversity is reported as the richest in the world, there are many endemic as well as endangered species of fresh water turtles and tortoises are found in North-East, peninsular, Gangetic plain and Western Ghats of India, examples are: cane turtle, star tortoise and red crowned roof turtle etc. best place to see them: various protected areas of western Ghats and north-east India. There are seven species of Sea turtles found in India, These species include: the olive ridley, loggerhead, green, hawksbill, Kemp’s ridley, Australian flatback and leatherback turtle. Best place to see them: Various coastal protected areas

Snakes

Around 270 species of snakes are found in India and range from terrestrial, fresh water and sea snakes. The most interesting ones are king cobra, python, banded krait, kukri snake, Keel back, coral snake, wolf snake, shield tail etc. Best places to see them: rainforests of Western Ghats and North East India.

Lizards

There are many categories of lizards found in India these includes, monitor lizard, spiny tailed lizard, geckos, garden lizards and chameleon. Best Place to see them: Desert National Park, Sundarbans Tiger Reserve, Corbett Tiger Reserve, Silent Valley National Park etc.

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Birds

Partridges & Quails The common species under this category are: Nicobar scrub fowl, black Francolin, chukar, swamp Francolin, jungle bush quail, small button quail, Manipur bush quail. Pheasants This group includes one of the most beautiful and colourful birds, most of them are inhabitant of high Himalayas. Some of the members of this group are: Western tragopan, koklass pheasant, Himalayan monal, jungle fowl, Mrs. Hume’s pheasant, Indian peafowl etc.

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Partridges & Quails

The common species under this category are: Nicobar scrub fowl, black Francolin, chukar, swamp Francolin, jungle bush quail, small button quail, Manipur bush quail.

Pheasants

This group includes one of the most beautiful and colourful birds, most of them are inhabitant of high Himalayas. Some of the members of this group are: Western tragopan, koklass pheasant, Himalayan monal, jungle fowl, Mrs. Hume’s pheasant, Indian peafowl etc.

Geese, Swans & Ducks

It includes the highest flying bird “The bar-headed goose”. Other species are greylag goose, mute swan, lesser whistling duck, ruddy shelduck, comb duck, cotton pygmy-goose, mallard, gadwall, common teal, Northern pintail, red-crested pochard & common merganser.

Woodpecker

Woodpeckers are known for tapping on tree trunks in order to find insects living in crevices in the bark and to excavate nest cavities. Interesting species found in India are: white-bellied woodpecker, Andaman woodpecker, great slaty woodpecker, pygmy woodpecker, Himalayan flame back and white naped woodpecker.

Hornbills

Hornbills get their name from the horn like projection on their beaks. They are very important for forests as they disperse the seeds and keep forest alive. In India nine species of Hornbills are found, these are: Malabar grey hornbill, Indian grey hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill, Oriental pied hornbill, great hornbill, brown hornbill, rufous necked hornbill, wreathed hornbill and narcondam hornbill.Partridges & Quails The common species under this category are: Nicobar scrub fowl, black Francolin, chukar, swamp Francolin, jungle bush quail, small button quail, Manipur bush quail.

Pheasants

This group includes one of the most beautiful and colourful birds, most of them are inhabitant of high Himalayas. Some of the members of this group are: Western tragopan, koklass pheasant, Himalayan monal, jungle fowl, Mrs. Hume’s pheasant, Indian peafowl etc.

Geese, Swans & Ducks

It includes the highest flying bird “The bar-headed goose”. Other species are greylag goose, mute swan, lesser whistling duck, ruddy shelduck, comb duck, cotton pygmy-goose, mallard, gadwall, common teal, Northern pintail, red-crested pochard & common merganser.

Woodpecker

Woodpeckers are known for tapping on tree trunks in order to find insects living in crevices in the bark and to excavate nest cavities. Interesting species found in India are: white-bellied woodpecker, Andaman woodpecker, great slaty woodpecker, pygmy woodpecker, Himalayan flame back and white naped woodpecker.

Hornbills

Hornbills get their name from the horn like projection on their beaks. They are very important for forests as they disperse the seeds and keep forest alive. In India nine species of Hornbills are found, these are: Malabar grey hornbill, Indian grey hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill, Oriental pied hornbill, great hornbill, brown hornbill, rufous necked hornbill, wreathed hornbill and narcondam hornbill.

Kingfishers

Kingfishers are highly adopted to dive and hunt on fishes. Some time they also feed on small lizards and insects. Common species found in India are: common kingfisher, stork billed kingfisher, white throated kingfisher and pied kingfisher.

Cukoos

Cuckoos are the family of birds known for their calls and brood parasitism. In India the common species are: pied cuckoo, large hawk cuckoo, common hawk cuckoo and Asian koel.

Parakeets

Parakeets are noisy but beautiful green colour birds. They are known to mimic human voice in captivity. The common ones are: Alexandrine parakeet, rose ringed parakeet, plum headed parakeet and Malabar parakeet.

Swift and Swift lets

Swift lets are known for their ability of echolocation which helps them to navigate easily in the dark. The most sought after swift let species in the world is edible nest Swiftlets which is found in Andaman & Nicobar Islands of India. The swifts are highly aerial birds and resembles with swallows. Species of swift in India are: crested treeswift, Alpine swift, house swift and Asian palm swift.

Owls, Owlets and Nightjars

This group of birds are nocturnal and excellent hunters. Interesting species found in India are: collared scops owl, barn owl, Eurasian eagle owl, brown fish owl, brown wood owl, jungle owlet, spotted owlet, forest owlet, brown hawk owl grey nightjar, Indian nightjar and Egyptian nightjar.

Cranes

Cranes are the large to very large birds, including world’s tallest flying bird. Cranes are distributed in India from high Himalaya to lowland of Gangetic plains. The tallest crane (sarus crane) and smallest crane (demoiselle) both are found in India. Other species are: common crane and black necked crane.

Lapwings

Lapwings are ground nesting birds, noted for its slow, irregular flight and a shrill, wailing cry. Species in India are: red wattled Lapwing, yellow wattled lapwing, river lapwing and sociable lapwing.

Gulls, Terns & Skimmers

They are the members of the bird family Laridae most of them are seabirds that range in size from small to large and heavy-bodied. They have long wings, stout bills and webbed feet. They are usually found along the coasts, but may also occur inland, but generally near water. Major species found in India are: pallas’s gull, brown headed gull, little gull, Caspian tern, river tern, common tern, arctic tern, black-bellied tern and Indian skimmer (Found in National Chambal WLS)

Birds of Prey

This group of birds are major attractions for bird watchers. The major species are: osprey, black- shouldered kite, Brahminy kite, grey headed fish eagle, white bellied sea eagle, crested serpent eagle, shikra, Eurasian sparrowhawk, oriental honey-buzzard, lesser spotted eagle, tawny eagle, changeable hawk eagle, common kestrel, red necked falcon, amur falcon and laggar falcon etc.

Harriers

Harriers are winter migratory and there are sites in India like Velavadar National park where four out of five are comes to roost in winter. The Indian species are: Eurasian marsh harrier, pied harrier, hen harrier, pallid harrier and Montagu’s harrier.

Vultures

Commonly known as the cleaning agent of nature, the Vultures are necessary element of any ecosystem. Some of them are very large like Himalayan griffon and lammergier, some are medium like white rumped and long billed vulture and some are smaller like Egyptian vulture.

Darter and Cormorants

Excellent swimmer and fish eater, this group of birds lacks waxy coating on their feathers so after a swim through the pond they have to dry their wings under the sun. Species in India are: darter, pygmy cormorant, little cormorant, Indian cormorant and great cormorant.

Egrets and Herons

Mainly found in or near water and characterised with long neck and long leg, this group of birds are common throughout India. The major species found in India are: cattle egret, great egret, pond heron, grey heron, white bellied heron (highly endangered), purple heron, little heron, night heron etc.

Flamingos

Two species of this bird is found in India. Their pink colour body is due to high carotene in their diet. The species found in India are: greater and lesser flamingos.

Pelicans

Birds with a pouch for keeping fish catch in their lower beak, in India three species are found, these are: great white, dalmatian and spot-billed pelican.

Storks

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long, stout bills. Species found in India are: painted stork, Asian openbill, woolly- necked stork, black stork, lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked, white stork and Oriental stork.

Pittas and Leaf Birds

Pittas are colourful terrestrial birds of wet forest floors. In India five species are present in which Indian Pitta is the most common one. Leaf birds are endemic to the Indo- Malayan region, this family of birds are mono generic , all species are place in single genera which is called chloropsis which is another common name of this group of bird. In India there are three species of leafbird are present, these are: blue-winged leafbird, golden- fronted leafbird and orange bellied leafbird.

Shrikes

Shrikes are medium sized birds with grey brown or black and white plumage. The family name, Laniidae and that of the largest genus, Lanius is derived from the Latin word for butcher, and some shrikes are also known as "butcher birds" because of their feeding habits. Common species in india are; brown shrike, rufous-tailed shrike, long tailed shrike, great grey shrike and bay-backed shrike.

Magpies and Tree pies

Tree pies are highly arboreal and rarely come to the ground to feed. Common Magpies and Treepie species in India are: yellow billed blue magpie, red billed blue magpie, rufous treepie, grey treepie and white-bellied treepie.

Orioles

The orioles come in a wide range of colourful plumage, but in India, all comes in golden yellow with one exception, the maroon oriole. Other species are: Eurasian golden oriole, black-hooded oriole, slender billed oriole and black naped oriole.

Minivets

Minivets belongs to the cuckoo shrike family, they are small birds with long tails and many species have bright red or yellow coloration. some of the species found in India are: rosy minivet, small minivet, scarlet minivet, and long tailed minivet.

Drongos

Drongos are insectivorous birds of open forests and grasslands, most of them are black. The Racket-Tailed drongo which is a beautiful bird of tropical forest of India is known for the ability of mimicking the call of other birds and mammals. Despite their small size they are known to chase the big birds of prey away from their nests.

Thrush

Thrushes are plump, insectivorous small to medium sized birds inhabit forest area, some are resident and some are migratory. In India major species of Thrushes are: blue-capped rock thrush, blue-whistling thrush, blue- rock thrush, orange- headed thrush, tickell’s thrush, and Malabar whistling thrush.

Flycatchers

They are the most difficult group of birds to identify in the field. They are insectivorous and are known for their acrobatic flight to catch the insect in mid-air. Major species are: spotted flycatcher, Asian brown flycatcher, ferruginous flycatcher, red throated flycatcher, tickell’s blue flycatcher, ultramarine flycatcher and verditer flycatcher.

Mynas

This group of birds are native to southern Asia. The term myna is used for any starling in the subcontinent. Common species in India are: common myna, bank myna and jungle myna.

Tits

Tits are mainly small woodland species with short stout bills. Some of them have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. Common species found in India great tit, green backed tit, coal tit and rufous vented tit etc.

Swallow and Martins

Swallows and Martins are known for their adaptation to aerial feeding. Common species found in India are: wire-tailed swallow, rock martin, dusky crag martin, red-rumped swallow, and streak throated swallow.

Bulbuls

The word bulbul has derived from Persian meaning nightingale. These birds are tolerant of disturbed habitat and found near human habitation. Major species are: black crested bulbul, red- whiskered bulbul, Himalayan bulbul, ashy bulbul, mountain bulbul and red-vented bulbul.

Prinias

A group of small insectivorous birds, prinias are sometime referred as wren-warblers. These birds prefer open habitat like long grass or scrub in which they are not easily seen. Some of the species found in India are: hill prinia, grey breasted prinia, plain prinina, ashy prinia etc.

Larks

Larks are small to medium sized birds and have more elaborate calls than most birds, and often extravagant songs given in display flight. With these songs males defend their territories and attract mates. Some of the Indian species are: singing bushlark, ashy crowned sparrowlark, greater hoopoe lark, crested lark and Eurasian skylark

Babblers

Small to medium birds, have strong legs and many are terrestrial. Babblers live in community of various sizes like one of the species which is called jungle babbler is most of the time found in a group of seven and also called ‘the Seven Sisters’. Other species are: Indian scimitar babbler, dark fronted babbler, grey throated babbler, common babbler and striated babbler etc.

Sunbirds

Sunbirds are adopted to feed on nectar but also feed on insects and spiders. Sunbirds are diurnal and defend their territory by forming groups with other birds. Examples in India are: purple sunbird, fire tailed sunbird, crimson backed sunbird and purple-rumped sunbird.

Wagtails

A very interesting small bird with long tail which they wag continuously. Most of the wagtails in India except White-Browed Wagtail are winter migratory and found near the streams. The other species found in India are: forest wagtail, white wagtail, citrine wagtail, yellow wagtail and grey wagtail.

Munias and Finches

Munias are small gregarious birds which feed mainly on Seeds and prefer relatively open and grassland habitat and usually feeds on ground. Finches are small seed eating grass birds. Common species ofm and finches in India are: Indian silverbill, white-rumped munia, scaly breasted munia, black-headed munia, plain mountain finch, common rosefinch etc.

Kingfishers

Kingfishers are highly adopted to dive and hunt on fishes. Some time they also feed on small lizards and insects. Common species found in India are: common kingfisher, stork billed kingfisher, white throated kingfisher and pied kingfisher.

Cukoos

Cuckoos are the family of birds known for their calls and brood parasitism. In India the common species are: pied cuckoo, large hawk cuckoo, common hawk cuckoo and Asian koel.

Parakeets

Parakeets are noisy but beautiful green colour birds. They are known to mimic human voice in captivity. The common ones are: Alexandrine parakeet, rose ringed parakeet, plum headed parakeet and Malabar parakeet.

Swift and Swift lets

Swift lets are known for their ability of echolocation which helps them to navigate easily in the dark. The most sought after swift let species in the world is edible nest Swiftlets which is found in Andaman & Nicobar Islands of India. The swifts are highly aerial birds and resembles with swallows. Species of swift in India are: crested treeswift, Alpine swift, house swift and Asian palm swift.

Owls, Owlets and Nightjars

This group of birds are nocturnal and excellent hunters. Interesting species found in India are: collared scops owl, barn owl, Eurasian eagle owl, brown fish owl, brown wood owl, jungle owlet, spotted owlet, forest owlet, brown hawk owl grey nightjar, Indian nightjar and Egyptian nightjar.

Cranes

Cranes are the large to very large birds, including world’s tallest flying bird. Cranes are distributed in India from high Himalaya to lowland of Gangetic plains. The tallest crane (sarus crane) and smallest crane (demoiselle) both are found in India. Other species are: common crane and black necked crane.

Lapwings

Lapwings are ground nesting birds, noted for its slow, irregular flight and a shrill, wailing cry. Species in India are: red wattled Lapwing, yellow wattled lapwing, river lapwing and sociable lapwing.

Gulls, Terns & Skimmers

They are the members of the bird family Laridae most of them are seabirds that range in size from small to large and heavy-bodied. They have long wings, stout bills and webbed feet. They are usually found along the coasts, but may also occur inland, but generally near water. Major species found in India are: pallas’s gull, brown headed gull, little gull, Caspian tern, river tern, common tern, arctic tern, black-bellied tern and Indian skimmer (Found in National Chambal WLS)

Birds of Prey

This group of birds are major attractions for bird watchers. The major species are: osprey, black- shouldered kite, Brahminy kite, grey headed fish eagle, white bellied sea eagle, crested serpent eagle, shikra, Eurasian sparrowhawk, oriental honey-buzzard, lesser spotted eagle, tawny eagle, changeable hawk eagle, common kestrel, red necked falcon, amur falcon and laggar falcon etc.

Harriers

Harriers are winter migratory and there are sites in India like Velavadar National park where four out of five are comes to roost in winter. The Indian species are: Eurasian marsh harrier, pied harrier, hen harrier, pallid harrier and Montagu’s harrier.

Vultures

Commonly known as the cleaning agent of nature, the Vultures are necessary element of any ecosystem. Some of them are very large like Himalayan griffon and lammergier, some are medium like white rumped and long billed vulture and some are smaller like Egyptian vulture.

Darter and Cormorants

Excellent swimmer and fish eater, this group of birds lacks waxy coating on their feathers so after a swim through the pond they have to dry their wings under the sun. Species in India are: darter, pygmy cormorant, little cormorant, Indian cormorant and great cormorant.

Egrets and Herons

Mainly found in or near water and characterised with long neck and long leg, this group of birds are common throughout India. The major species found in India are: cattle egret, great egret, pond heron, grey heron, white bellied heron (highly endangered), purple heron, little heron, night heron etc.

Flamingos

Two species of this bird is found in India. Their pink colour body is due to high carotene in their diet. The species found in India are: greater and lesser flamingos.

Pelicans

Birds with a pouch for keeping fish catch in their lower beak, in India three species are found, these are: great white, dalmatian and spot-billed pelican.

Storks

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long, stout bills. Species found in India are: painted stork, Asian openbill, woolly- necked stork, black stork, lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked, white stork and Oriental stork.

Pittas and Leaf Birds

Pittas are colourful terrestrial birds of wet forest floors. In India five species are present in which Indian Pitta is the most common one. Leaf birds are endemic to the Indo- Malayan region, this family of birds are mono generic , all species are place in single genera which is called chloropsis which is another common name of this group of bird. In India there are three species of leafbird are present, these are: blue-winged leafbird, golden- fronted leafbird and orange bellied leafbird.

Shrikes

Shrikes are medium sized birds with grey brown or black and white plumage. The family name, Laniidae and that of the largest genus, Lanius is derived from the Latin word for butcher, and some shrikes are also known as "butcher birds" because of their feeding habits. Common species in india are; brown shrike, rufous-tailed shrike, long tailed shrike, great grey shrike and bay-backed shrike.

Magpies and Tree pies

Tree pies are highly arboreal and rarely come to the ground to feed. Common Magpies and Treepie species in India are: yellow billed blue magpie, red billed blue magpie, rufous treepie, grey treepie and white-bellied treepie.

Orioles

The orioles come in a wide range of colourful plumage, but in India, all comes in golden yellow with one exception, the maroon oriole. Other species are: Eurasian golden oriole, black-hooded oriole, slender billed oriole and black naped oriole.

Minivets

Minivets belongs to the cuckoo shrike family, they are small birds with long tails and many species have bright red or yellow coloration. some of the species found in India are: rosy minivet, small minivet, scarlet minivet, and long tailed minivet.

Drongos

Drongos are insectivorous birds of open forests and grasslands, most of them are black. The Racket-Tailed drongo which is a beautiful bird of tropical forest of India is known for the ability of mimicking the call of other birds and mammals. Despite their small size they are known to chase the big birds of prey away from their nests.

Thrush

Thrushes are plump, insectivorous small to medium sized birds inhabit forest area, some are resident and some are migratory. In India major species of Thrushes are: blue-capped rock thrush, blue-whistling thrush, blue- rock thrush, orange- headed thrush, tickell’s thrush, and Malabar whistling thrush.

Flycatchers

They are the most difficult group of birds to identify in the field. They are insectivorous and are known for their acrobatic flight to catch the insect in mid-air. Major species are: spotted flycatcher, Asian brown flycatcher, ferruginous flycatcher, red throated flycatcher, tickell’s blue flycatcher, ultramarine flycatcher and verditer flycatcher.

Mynas

This group of birds are native to southern Asia. The term myna is used for any starling in the subcontinent. Common species in India are: common myna, bank myna and jungle myna.

Tits

Tits are mainly small woodland species with short stout bills. Some of them have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. Common species found in India great tit, green backed tit, coal tit and rufous vented tit etc.

Swallow and Martins

Swallows and Martins are known for their adaptation to aerial feeding. Common species found in India are: wire-tailed swallow, rock martin, dusky crag martin, red-rumped swallow, and streak throated swallow.

Bulbuls

The word bulbul has derived from Persian meaning nightingale. These birds are tolerant of disturbed habitat and found near human habitation. Major species are: black crested bulbul, red- whiskered bulbul, Himalayan bulbul, ashy bulbul, mountain bulbul and red-vented bulbul.

Prinias

A group of small insectivorous birds, prinias are sometime referred as wren-warblers. These birds prefer open habitat like long grass or scrub in which they are not easily seen. Some of the species found in India are: hill prinia, grey breasted prinia, plain prinina, ashy prinia etc.

Larks

Larks are small to medium sized birds and have more elaborate calls than most birds, and often extravagant songs given in display flight. With these songs males defend their territories and attract mates. Some of the Indian species are: singing bushlark, ashy crowned sparrowlark, greater hoopoe lark, crested lark and Eurasian skylark

Babblers

Small to medium birds, have strong legs and many are terrestrial. Babblers live in community of various sizes like one of the species which is called jungle babbler is most of the time found in a group of seven and also called ‘the Seven Sisters’. Other species are: Indian scimitar babbler, dark fronted babbler, grey throated babbler, common babbler and striated babbler etc.

Sunbirds

Sunbirds are adopted to feed on nectar but also feed on insects and spiders. Sunbirds are diurnal and defend their territory by forming groups with other birds. Examples in India are: purple sunbird, fire tailed sunbird, crimson backed sunbird and purple-rumped sunbird.

Wagtails

A very interesting small bird with long tail which they wag continuously. Most of the wagtails in India except White-Browed Wagtail are winter migratory and found near the streams. The other species found in India are: forest wagtail, white wagtail, citrine wagtail, yellow wagtail and grey wagtail.

Munias and Finches

Munias are small gregarious birds which feed mainly on Seeds and prefer relatively open and grassland habitat and usually feeds on ground. Finches are small seed eating grass birds. Common species ofm and finches in India are: Indian silverbill, white-rumped munia, scaly breasted munia, black-headed munia, plain mountain finch, common rosefinch etc.

Wild life

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Mammals

Carnivore Cat Family Tiger Tiger is a supreme predator in most of the landscape and Protected areas. In India we have network of 48 Tiger Reserves to protect this species of big cat. The best places to see the Tiger in the wild are: Kanha Tiger reserve, Bandhavgarh Tiger reserve, Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve and Pench Tiger Reserve.

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Carnivore

Cat Family

Tiger

Tiger is a supreme predator in most of the landscape and Protected areas. In India we have network of 48 Tiger Reserves to protect this species of big cat. The best places to see the Tiger in the wild are: Kanha Tiger reserve, Bandhavgarh Tiger reserve, Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve and Pench Tiger Reserve.

Asiatic Lion

The Asiatic lion is the subspecies of the lion found in Africa and India is the last home for this supreme predator. Their protection and revival of population is a big conservation success story. The last and only place to see Asiatic Lion is Gir National Park in semi-arid Gujrat.

Common Leopard

This cat is an ecologically generalist species and can survive in human dominated landscapes easily. They share the space in most of the forest areas with other big cats by adopting certain habits to escape the conflict with those big cats. The parks where one can see this beautiful cat are: Gir National Park, Jawai and Satpura Tiger Reserve.

Snow Leopard

Snow leopards are also called as the gray ghost of the high Himalayas. Well adapted to the high altitude region this cat rarely descends below 2130 meters in winters and in summers frequents the fringes of snow line. Though the range of this cat extends to 13 countries, the cat is most frequently seen in Hemis National Park of Ladkah in Indian Himalayas.

Clouded Leopard

Smallest among all big cats the clouded leopard is difficult to spot in its habitat but there are few places in north-east India where one can spot this beautiful and shy cat in the wild.

Caracal

The Caracal is a handsome, lithe, graceful, medium sized cat, distributed in the arid and semi-arid regions of northern India. The best places to see this cat are Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve and Sariska Tiger Reserve.

Eurasian Lynx

Trans Himalayan region of India forms the southern edge of distribution of Eurasian lynx. The best place to see them is Hemis and other high altitude national parks of Northern India.

Jungle Cat

The most common small cat of tropical Indian forest, this cat differs from others by having longer legs and short tail. This cat can be seen in Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve, Kanha Tiger Reserve and Kaziranga Tiger Rreserve.

Leopard Cat

It is the most common small cat after jungle cat, distributed through the Himalayas and Terai, eastwards to the north east and southwards to the Western Ghats. The leopard cat looks like a miniature replica of common leopard. It is about the size of a domestic cat. The best place to see them is Corbett Tiger Reserve.

Dog Family

Wild Dog

Indian wild dog is also called Dhole and is the most widely distributed in all other species of this family. They hunt in packs and are considered as the most successful hunter. There are two subspecies of the wild dog found in Indiaone is the common one peninsular form and other one is Himalayan. They can be seen commonly in Bandipur Tiger Reserve, Satpura Tiger Reserve and Nagarhole Tiger Reserve.

Striped Hyena

Striped Hyena is not a member of dog family but its build and its dog like appearance suggest it a member of the dog family, and here we kept it under this category because of that not by its physical character. Hyena is primarily a scavenger but is known to hunt on birds and small and medium size mammals. They are known to enlarge the porcupine burrow where it lies through the day.

Best place to see them: Velavadar National Park and Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary.

Grey Wolf

Grey wolf is the largest member of Dog family. There are two subspecies found in India, one is peninsular and other one in cold desert of Himalayas. Like their other relatives they hunt by forming packs and communicate by howling. Best place to see them: Velavadar National Park and Changthang Plateau.

Golden Jackal

Golden Jackal is a medium sized member of dog family there are four subspecies found in India sub-continent namely north western, southern, northern and north eastern.

Best place to see them: almost all of the protected areas of India.

Indian Fox

Indian fox or Bengal fox is species of fox found in peninsular India. They are distributed from the Himalayan foothills throughout India. They are also known to inhabit human habitation nearby protected area.

Best place to see them: Throughout India

Red Fox

Red fox is the most widely distributed carnivore in the world. Three subspecies are found in India, namely: Himalayan red Fox, Kashmir Red Fox and Desert Red Fox.

Best Seen at: Kutch, Kargil and other Himalayan hill stations.

Bear

Sloth Bear

Sloth Bear is the most widely distributed bear species found in Indian Subcontinent. They are found in most of the protected areas of western and peninsular India. They are omnivores and love to eat honey by breaking the honey bee hive, their long fur protect them from the bee sting. They are good climber and known to climb tree in search of honey.

Best place to see them: Satpura Tiger Reserve, Daroji Sloth bear sanctuary and Mudumalai Tiger Reserve.

Asiatic Black Bear

Asiatic Black bears are larger than sloth bear but smaller than brown bear. They are known to dwell forests of Himalayas and hibernates in upper Himalayas of northern India. Another subspecies which is known to occur in north east India never hibernates.

Best Place to see them: Dachigham National Park

Himalayan Brown Bear

The Himalayan Brown bear is the world’s largest terrestrial carnivore considerably small than their relative- the Grizzly and Kodiak bear.

Best place to see them: Great Himalayan National Park

Sun Bear

Smallest among all other bears fond in India, this bear species is very shy and present in only few pockets of North-east India. The most arboreal bear makes nest of bent branches in trees to sleep in.

Best place to see them: Sightings of these bears are not common and known to inhabit the forest of North-East India.

Red Panda

A beautiful striking creature of north eastern Himalayan forest of India, the red Panda is an inhabitant of moist temperate forests with thick bamboo undergrowth.

Best Place to see them: Singalila National Park.

Small Carnivores

Spotted Linsang

The smallest Viverrid in India, they are well adopted for a life in the tree. They are distributed in North East India.

Civet

The civet species found in India are: Himalayan palm civet, common palm civet, binturong, small-toothed palm civet, brown palm civet large Indian civet, Malabar civet and small Indian civet.

Best place to see them: Protected areas of all over India with some species have localised distribution.

Mongoose

four species of Mongoose are found in India, i.e. grey mongoose, ruddy mongoose, small Indian mongoose crab-eating mongoose, stripe-necked mongoose and brown mongoose.

Best Place to see them: All over India, with some species have localised distribution.

Badger

Species found in India are, small-toothed ferret, large toothed, hog and honey badger.

Best Place to see them: Kaziranga National Park and Melghat National Park.

Marten

Three species found in India are stone marten, yellow-throated marten and nilgiri marten.

Best place to see them: Ladakh, Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary and Eravikulam National Park.

Otter

Three species of otters are found in india. these are: smooth coated, Eurasian and Oriental small- clawed otter.

Best place to see them: Periyar National Park, Corbett National Park, Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary.

Weasel

Five species of this high altitude mammal is found in India. mountain weasel, himalayan stoat, siberian weasel, yellow bellied weasel and back striped weasel

Best Place to see them: Indian Himalayas

Primates

Hoolock Gibbon

Hoolock gibbon is the only Ape found in India, these creatures of close canopy forests are known for their brachiaion between branches of trees and song, which they use to call the mates and protect their territory. In India two species are found in North–eastern part of India, one is called Western hoolock gibbon and the other one is called Eastern hoolock gibbon.

Best place to see them: Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary and Namdapha Tiger Reserve

Slow Loris

Slow loris is a nocturnal creature which is either solitary or found in pairs. It is known to feed the exudates by hanging upside down. Two species of slow loris is found in India, on is bengal slow loris which is found in North East of India and the other is slender loris which is endemic to Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats of South India.

Best Place to see them: Kaziranga National Park and Western Ghats forests.

Rhesus Macaque

They are the common commensal monkeys of North India and most widespread amongst all primates in India. They are mostly found in North Indian cities especially temple and other religious sites. They are well adapted to the city life and one can see the changes in behaviour and diet of these once forest dwelling species. The male dominance behaviour of shaking branches is replaced by shaking poles and electric wires.

Best place to see them: Northern Indian Cities and Towns.

Bonnet Macaque

Bonnet Macaques are endemic to peninsular India and appears to be unique amongst all macaques in displaying large multi-male troops with balanced sex ratios. Bonnet macaques are famous for two reasons—first, their ability to successfully adapt to almost any kind of environment and second, the intense love–hate relationship that they enjoy with the people of southern India.

Best place to see them: Periyar and Bandipur Tiger Reserve.

Assamese Macaque

They are typical forest macaques and are distributed in all north eastern states of India. This species occurs from the floodplains to the high hills and most abundant in Arunchal Pradesh (The easternmost state of India)

Note: A population of Assamese Macaque has been recently discovered in the hills of north Indian Himalayan state Uttarakhand by the scientists of Wildlife Institute of India. Further DNA studies are required to verify whether it is a western most population of this macaque of north eastern India or a new species of macaque.

Best Place to see them: Almost all protected areas of North Eastern India.

Arunachal Macaque

Arunachal Macaque is a newly discovered species found in the hills of Western Arunachal Pradesh. A very little information is available on this newly discovered species.

Best Place to see them: Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh.

Long Tailed or Crab Eating Macaque

This is the common macaque of South-East Asia and India is the westernmost limit of this species. They are an adept swimmer and arboreal in inland forest while more terrestrial on coasts. They are distributed in Nicobar group of Island in India.

Best place to see them: Great Nicobar Island

Northern Pig Tailed Macaque

As the name suggested this macaque have a short naked erect tail, slightly curled at the tip. They are the sexually dimorphic and males are larger than the females. They are the most arboreal among all the macaques of North-East India.

Stump Tailed Macaque

This is the heaviest macaque species in India and also called as bear macaque. They release a fetid odour which protects them from the predator. One very interesting feature is that like human they grows bald with age from forehead backwards but both male and female are prone to balding.

Best Place to see them: Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary.

Lion Tailed Macaque

An endemic species of rainforests of Western Ghats of India, Lion Tailed Macaque is considered as the ancestor of all Asian Macaques since it is probably the direct descendent of the first macaque to reach Asia.

Best place to see them: Silent Valley National Park

Nilgiri Langur

Another endemic species of primate in Western Ghats rainforests. They are the most vocal among the southern forest monkey. The characteristic ‘hoo-hoo’ call can be heard mostly at the dawn and sometimes at dusk.

Best place to see them: Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary.

Grey Langur

Grey Langur is divided into 6 species in India and they are the most widely distributed species of Langur. The Himalayan Grey Langur is the biggest primate in India. They are commensal to human as well as forest dwellers. They feed on variety of diet near human habitation but in forest they feed on leaves, that’s why langurs are also called leaf monkeys.

Capped Langur

Capped langur is the common forest langur of North east India, they are very arboreal and seldom come down on ground. Best place to see them: Manas National Park and Kaziranga National Park

Golden Langur

The most beautiful Indian monkey, the golden langur is distributed in northern parts Assam state and Rivers Brahmaputra, Manas and Sankosh forms the Southern, Eastern and western limit of its distribution. In breeding season their fur becomes golden orange and in non-breeding season cream to off white fur.

Best place to see them: Manas National Park

Phayre’s Leaf Monkey

Also called Spectacled monkey due to white eye patches which stand out in black face. This monkey leaps onto branches in Spread-eagled fashion rather than jumping onto a single chosen branch.

Best place to see them: Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary

Ungulates

Wild Ass

Two species of wild ass are found in India and that too in two different habitats, one which is called Asiatic Wild Ass are found in Rann of Katchh and other which is called the Tibetan wild ass is found in cold desert area of Ladkah. The Asiatic wild ass is endemic to India.

Best Place to see them: Wild Ass Sanctuary and Changthang Plateau.

Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros

Second largest land mammal of India. The greater one horned rhino can be easily recognised by having a single horn. Its armour plated look differentiates it from other four species. They are known to walk same path and defecate at same place which makes them vulnerable to the poachers.

Best Place to see them: Kaziranga and Dudhwa National park

Mouse Deer

Mouse deer is India’s smallest deer. They are the unique by having three chambered stomach instead of four. They make their den in a tree hollow. They are very shy well camouflaged and often difficult to find in its habitat.

Best place to see them: Mudumalai and Bandipur Tiger Reserve.

Musk Deer

Male musk deer are known to carry musk which is secreted from the musk gland located in the navel. The strong smell of musk is used to communicate. In India four species of musk deer is found, all in the Himalayas.

Best place to see them: Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary

Indian Muntjac

Commonly called as, barking deer because of the alarm call it gives after seeing a predator is more like the bark of a dog. They are specialist in their food habit and called nibblers, those who eat young leaves, fruit and flowers.

Best place to see them: Corbett National Park and Kanha National Park.

Sambar

India’s largest deer, sambar is the most widely distributed species of deer in India. They are the favourite pray for the tiger because of its size; it lasts long and relatively easy to catch. They often feed the aquatic weeds in the water.

Best place to see them: Ranthambhore National park, Sariska National Park, Pench National Park and Kanha National park.

Kashmir Red Deer

Locally called as Hangul, the Kashmir red deer is one of the highly endangered species of Deer found in one location in northern India in Himalayan state. They are more close to the Asian deer than the European red deer. The stags usually migrate above the snow line in summer and come down to join the hinds in October.

Best place to see them: Dachigam National Park.

Brow Antlered Deer

Another endangered species of deer found in North- east India and that too in a single locality. Their habitat is very unique as it is a floating mass of grass locally called phumdi in Loktak lake of Manipur. They walk on this floating vegetation in very unique manner which is more like dancing that’s why another name is dancing deer.

Best place to see them: Keibul Lamjao National park.

Swamp Deer

Adapted to the swampy habitat and three different subspecies on three different locations, the swamp deer is also called as barasingha, which means Deer with twelve tines in his antler. This deer species are endemic to Indian subcontinent and apart from India they are found only in few locations in Nepal.

Best place to see them: Kanha National Park, Dudhwa National Park and Kaziranga National Park.

Spotted Deer

India’s most common, most visible and most beautiful deer, spotted deer is also called as chital. They are known to have an association with langurs and are a common sight in Indian jungles where langurs are feeding on tree and under the same tree spotted deer are feeding. This relationship helps both the species.

Best place to see them: Corbett national Park, Kanha National Park and Bandipur National Park.

Hog Deer

A medium size deer of Terai grassland, They are known to make a whistling sound and a bleating call. In general they look like spotted deer but with shorter legs and more rounded in form than the barking deer.

Best place to see them: Kaziranga National Park and Dudhwa National Park.

Indian Gaur

Largest bovid of the world the bull gaur can weigh up-to one ton. They are mistakenly called the Indian Bison but they are not true bison and not related to the North American bison.

Best Place to see them: Bandipur, Satpura, Kanha and Pench Tiger Reserve.

Wild Buffalo

They are the sleeker and heavier version of the domestic buffalo and having largest horn of any animal in the world. They are very dangerous animal if someone encounters them on foot, even far more dangerous than tigers, leopards, elephants etc.

Best place to see them: Kaziranga National Park.

Wild Yak

They are domesticated across most of their range but still there are few small populations in Ladakh region of Trans Himalaya. The wild one behaves like the wild bison of America.

Blue Bull

Blue Bull is the India’s largest antelope. They are also known to defecate at same place like rhino. They prefer open and dry deciduous forests rather than dense forest area. They are also known to live close to human habitation.

Best place to see them: Sariska National Park and Gir National Park.

Four Horned Antelope

The only antelope in the world with two pairs of horn. They also use same latrine site for defecating like Blue Bull and rhino. They often live near water on which they are so dependent.

Best place to see them: Gir National park and Mudumalai wildlife Sanctuary.

Indian Gazelle

Also known as chinkara, the Indian gazelle is the most elegant ungulate of India. There are three subspecies found in India. They are well adapted to the dry condition and can survive without drinking water and obtain moisture from foliage and soil.

Best place to see them: Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve

Blackbuck

The most beautiful antelope of India, Blackbuck is the endemic species to the Indian Subcontinent. Their beauty has been glorified in many cultures. When alarmed they leaps up as if on a spring.

Best place to see them: Velavadar National Park, Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary.

Tibetan Antelope

Locally called as chiru, these antelopes were once exploited on large scale for the shahtoosh wool obtained from their fur. Now this practiced is stopped and shahtoosh is ban in most of the countries. They are migratory animal and males and females are segregated completely during migration.

Best place to see them: Chang Chenmo Valley, Ladakh

Tibetan Gazelle

Tibetan gazelle are small antelope of alpine meadows. They can be easily recognised by the large, heart shaped rump patch that flashes white in both sexes.

Best place to see them: Kalak Tatar, Ladakh and Tso Lhamo plateau, Sikkim.

Asiatic Ibex

Asiatic Ibex is the large mountain goat of high Himalayas. The males have characteristic horns and beard which is easily recognisable in the field. Ibex is known to dig craters through snow to access forage in winter.

Best place to see them: Pin Valley National Park, Himachal Pradesh

Markhor

Largest mountain goat in the world, they have long fur, beard and corkscrew horn. They can climb trees easily.

Best place to see them: Kazinag National Park, Jammu and Kashmir.

Blue Sheep

Also called bharal, the blue sheep have a slate-blue coat. In winter it becomes more pronounced and in summer coat becomes red-brown.

Best place to see them: Hemis National Park, Ladakh.

Himalayan Tahr

The Himalayan tahr is a handsome mountain goat of high Himalayas. The adult males segregate into all-male herds in spring and re-join females in the autumn.

Best place to see them: Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary.

Nilgiri Tahr

Nilgiri tahr looks like a short version of the Himalayan tahr. When the herd rests a sentinel stands guards on hills. They inhabit shola grasslands in Western Ghats.

Best place to see them: Eravikulam National Park.

Takin

The Bhutanese believe it myth logically to be a mixture of a sheep , a yak and a cow

Best place to see them: Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh.

Goral

Goral is s very interesting animal manifesting characteristics of both goat and antelope, they like steep slopes for foraging and run in a zigzag manner when alarmed.

Best place to see them: Rajaji National park, Namdapha National Park and Corbett National Park.

Himalayan Serow

An animal of goat like appearance and donkey like ears, it is an animal of thickly forested gorges, broadleaved valleys and sub alpine scrub with dense cover.

Best place to see them: Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary and Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary.

Indian Wild Pig

Indian wild pig is distributed widely in most of the habitat types. They wallow in shallow mud pools and scrapes. They are known to dig the ground in search of tubers.

Best place to see them: Ranthambhore National park, Kanha National park and many other protected areas of India.

Pygmy Hog

Most endangered and rare pig of the world, the pygmy hog was thought to be extinct but rediscovered in 1971. The conservation and revival of the population of Pygmy hog in North East India is a conservation success story.

Best place to see them: Manas Tiger Reserve

Asiatic Elephants

Elephants are the most respectable animals in Indian society and are an integral part of the India’s history, tradition, myth and culture. They are the largest land mammal in India. Asian Elephants are smaller than their African cousin and only bull elephant have tusks unlike African where both sexes have tusks.

Best place to see them: Nagarhole National Park, Corbett National Park and Kaziranga National Park.

Small Mammals

Hares

four species of Hares are found in India, these are: indian hare, desert hare, woolly hare and hispid hare. In which Hispid Hare is endemic and highly endangered.

Best Seen At: Peninsular Forests, Ladakh and Himalayan Foothills

Pikas

Pikas are small herbivore of high altitude areas in Indian Himalayas and seven species are reported from India.

Pangolin

Pangolins are terrestrial scally anteaters. In India two species Indian pangolin and Chinese pangolin are found.

Tree Shrew

Tree shrews are look like squirrels but an expert can easily differentiate between tree shrew and squirrel because it does not possess cheek whiskers of squirrel. In India three species of tree shrews are found, these are: Northern, southern and Nicobar tree shrew. They are not very common but can be seen in Peninsular and North Eastern forest areas.

Hedgehog

Three species of Hedgehog are found in India, Indian hedgehog, collared hedgehog and bare bellied hedgehog.

Best place to see them: Desert National Park

Porcupine

Porcupines are largest rodents of India. Three species are found in India: Indian crested, Himalayan crestless and Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine.

Best place to see them: Bandipur Tiger Reserve and Orang National Park.

Marmots

Marmots are high altitude large bodied ground squirrel and in India Himalaya is their southernmost distribution range. Two species of marmots found in India these are: Himalayan marmot and Long-tailed marmot.

Best seen at: Hemis National Park, Ladakh

Giant Squirrel

There are three species of giant squirrels are found in India in which Malabar giant squirrel which is an endemic squirrel is the most common one, the other two are black and grizzled giant squirrel found in localised areas of North East and Western Ghats.

Best place to see them: Kaziranga National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and Satpura Tiger Reserve

Flying Squirrel

All flying squirrels have an elastic skin which they use to glide from one tree to another tree. In India seven species of flying squirrel are found in which the most common one is the Indian giant flying squirrel is distributed widely.

Bats

India has a great diversity of Bats, having almost 123 species this group of mammals is the largest in India. Eight categories of bats are found in India these are: fruit bats, mouse tailed bats, sheath-tailed bats, free tailed bats, false vampires, horseshoe bats, leaf-nosed bats and evening bats. Some species of bats have localised distribution and others are distributed widely in India.

Best place to see them: Caves, Old Buildings, old Banyan, Fig and other trees near human habitations.

Aquatic Mammals

Whale

Fifteen species of whales are probably found in the territorial water of India in Which Blue whale is the largest one. pygmy killer whale & ginkgo toothed beaked whale are not recorded from India but may be present.

Dolphins

Nine species of dolphins are probably found in India with one porpoise (finless porpoise). Striped and fraser’s dolphins are not recorded from India but may be present

Dugong

Also called as sea cow, dugong is a large marine mammal. It resembles dolphin in general body shape. Only one species is found in Indian territorial waters.

Best Place to see them: Gulf of Mannar, Tamilnadu

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